6 April 861 A.D. Prudentius of Troyes—A Medieval Predestinarian; The Man Semi-Pelagobates Want You to Forget
Prudentius of Troyes (d. 861) famously said:
“Concerning the Will of God: That one should believe and confess that the omnipotent God wills to save whomever [He wants], and that no one is in any way able to be saved unless He saves them; and all those to be saved, He willed to be saved. And from this, [concerning] those who are not saved, it is clearly not His will that they should be saved, as the prophet says, “All things whatsoever God willed, He did in heaven and on earth, in the sea, and in all of the abyss” (Ps 135:6).”
Prudentius of Troyes
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Prudentius (born in Aragon, Spain; died at Troyes, France, on 6 April 861) was bishop of Troyes, and a celebrated opponent of Hincmar of Reims in the controversy on predestination.
LifeAragon was since 415 Visigothic and in 812 became Frankish. Prudentius left Spain in his youth, probably on account of take-over by the Saracens, and came to the Frankish Empire and was educated at the Palatine School, where he became Bishop of Troyes shortly before 847. As bishop he changed his native name of Galindo to Prudentius.
At Troyes his feast is celebrated on 6 April as that of a saint, though the Bollandists do not recognize his cult. His works, with the exception of his poems, are printed in Migne's Patrologia Latina, CXV, 971-1458. His poems in Monumenta Germaniae Historica Poetæ Lat., II, 679 sq.
In the controversy on predestination between Gottschalk of Orbais, Archbishop Hincmar of Reims, and Bishop Pardulus of Laon, he opposed Hincmar in an epistle addressed to him. In this epistle, which was written about 849, he defends a double predestination, viz., one for reward, the other for punishment, not, however, for sin. He further upholds that Christ died only for those who are actually saved.
The same opinion he defends in his De prædestinatione contra Johannem Scotum, which he wrote in 851 at the instance of Archbishop Wenilo of Sens who had sent him nineteen articles of Eriugena's work on predestination for refutation. Still it appears that at the synod of Quierzy, he subscribed to four articles of Hincmar which admit only one predestination, perhaps out of reverence for the archbishop, or out of fear of King Charles the Bald.
In his Epistola tractoria ad Wenilonem, written about 856, he again upholds his former opinion and makes his approval of the ordination of the new bishop Æneas of Paris depend on the latter's subscription to four articles favouring a double predestination. Of great historical value is his continuation of the Annales Bertiniani from 835-61, in which he presents a reliable history of that period of the Western Frankish Empire.
He is also the author of Vita Sanctæ Mauræ Virginis and some poems.
- Girgensohn, Prudentius und die Bertinianischen Annalene (Riga, 1875)
- Freystedt, Ueber den Prädestinationsstreit in Zeitschrift für wissenschaftl. Theologie (1893), 315 sq., 447 sq.
- Breyer, Les vies de St. Prudence Evéque de Troyes, et de St. Maura, vierge (Troyes, 1725)
- Meddeldorff, De Prudentio et theologia Prudentiana commentatio in Zeitschrift für histor. Theol., II (1832), 127-190
1. Jump up ^ Galindo.
3. Jump up ^ Acta SS. Sept. VI, 275-8
- "Prudentius". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes
Bishop of Troyes