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Philip Edgcumbe Hughes, M.A., Th.D.: Faith and Works--Cranmer and Hooker...

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Thomas Cranmer, 25. The dynamic of Tyndale, Joye, Barnes and others was being felt on the stony ground of the English ecclesiastical establishment, to the malicious chagrin of Wolsey, Warham, Fisher, More and the Tudor King. Henry VIII remained an Anglo-Romanist (without the Pope) to his death. Henry had some esteem for Melancthon and invited him to England. The Germans always sent second stringers rather than Henry. The Ten Articles of 1536 were proposed reflecting some transitional elements, but more as a political expedient to quell dissension. The third article has some Lutheranization to it: “…whereby the penitent must hope that God will forgive him and repute him justified and of the number of his elect children, not for the worthiness of any merit or work done by him, but for the only merits of the blood and passion of our Saviour Jesus Christ…though God pardoned sin only for the satisfaction of Christ, yet they must bring forth the fruits of penance, prayer, fasting, alms-deeds

Philip Edgcumbe Hughes, M.A., Th.D.: Faith and Works--Cranmer and Hooker...

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MASTER THOMAS BILNEY AND GEORGE JOYE: ENGLISH REFORMATION, BIBLE-MEN, ELECT, JUSTIFIED, AND WITNESSES--they speak anew and afresh today. C. Thomas Bilney, 15f. Master Thomas Bilney (1495-1531) of Cambridge experienced an evangelical conversion in 1519, the same year that Dr. Colet died. Dr. Thomas Cranmer is aged 30, is involved in academic theological studies, but largely (in terms of footprints) is off the radar. Not so for Thomas Bilney, Robert Barnes, or Hugh Latimer in the 1520s. The hunt is on for Lutherans and OXBRIDGE by Wolsey, Warham, Fisher and More. Bilney, a scholarly priest, writes to the Bishop of London, Cuthbert Tonstal: “At last I heard speak of Jesus, even then when the New Testament was first set forth by Erasmus; which then I understood to be eloquently done by him, being allured rather by the Latin than by the word of God (for at that time I knew not what it meant), I bought it even by the providence of God, as I do now well understand and perceive: and at the

Philip Edgcumbe Hughes, M.A., Th.D.: Faith and Works--Cranmer and Hooker...

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DR. JOHN COLET, OXFORD LECTURER, DEAN OF ST. PAUL'S IN LONDON, EXEGETE, PROTO-REFORMER, WYCLIFFIAN AND LOLLARD: John Colet, 12f. John Colet (1467-1519), perhaps an unsung hero of the pre-Reformation period, he was an ad fontes man—back-to-the-Bible, expositing the Biblical text on Romans and Corinthians without the scholastic method. He began his public lectures at St. Paul’s, London in 1497 to receptive and large audiences. The text was opened in an originalist and direct exposition. Dean Colet taught clearly justification by Christ’s merits only—a full 20 years before Luther posted his 95 theses. God, Colet affirmed “of His grace imparts himself to those who believe and trust in Him, who have been taken and drawn away by Him from unbelief, that they may trust in Him alone, and believe that by no other means whatever can they be justified than by the divine grace.” Colet continued, “Abraham had testimony borne to his righteousness before the works and ceremonies of the Law were o

Evening Prayer. Psalms 98-101. Deuteronomy 15. Hebrews 11. WSC 51-60.

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Philip Edgcumbe Hughes, M.A., Th.D.: Faith and Works--Cranmer and Hooker...

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A.    Wycliffe and the Lollards, 10f. Prof. Hughes begins exploring the Augustinian of Lutterworth, John Wycliffe (d. 1384). "No creaturely merit cancels sin: I reckon that is is impossible for even the smallest sin committed against the Lord to be removed by any merit unless is removed sovereignly by the merits of this Man" [DPV, "this Man" = "Jesus Christ]. Wycliffe denied the heavenly bank of surplus or supererogatory merits, the accumulation of the excessive worthiness of great stains. Wycliffe denounced this as the "lying fiction of a limitless treasury of the supererogatory merit of the church triumphant which the pope is empower to distribute" (11).

Philip E. Hughes, M.A., Th.D. "Theology of the English Reformers." 2--Ju...

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Justification Before Christ’s First Advent--Justification of the Old Testament Saints Bishop “Old Hugh” Latimer on faith, justification and Old Testament saints: “They believed in Abraham’s Seed which was promised…which faith stood them in good stead, and they were all as well saved through the same belief as we now through our belie. For it is no difference between their belief and ours, but this: they believed in Christ who was to come, and we believe in Christ who is come already. Now their belief served them as well as ours doth us. For at that time God required no further at their hands than was opened unto them. We have in our time a further and more perfect knowledge of Christ than they had.” Hugh Latimer. Works. 1.378. Bishop “Old Hugh” Latimer from the famous Sermon of the Plough: “…the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world…as a continuous sacrifice…all men that trusted in the death of Christ shall be saved, as well they that came before as they that came after; for He