8 September 1499 A.D. Pietro “Peter Martyr” Vermigli Born—Italian Reformer, Aide to Thomas Cranmer, Shaper of Book of Common Prayer, Hebrew Scholar, and Professor at Oxford and Zurich
Pietro 'Peter Martyr' Vermigli (1500 to 1562)
Peter Martyr (Pietro Vermigli, not to be confused with the more famous Dominican saint of the same nickname who was assassinated in 1252) was born in Florence, Italy. He joined the Augustinians at age 16 and headed the order by age 41. His later acquaintance with Valdes, Zwingli and Bucer brought him accusations of heresy. Vermigli feld from Catholic controlled territory to Protestant Switzerland in 1542. Five years later, at Cranmer's invitation, he went to England. Here he was professor of divinity at Oxford and took part in the preparation of the Book of Common Prayer. After Mary Tudor ascended the throne, restoring Roman Catholicism as the religion of England, Vermigli fled persecution to Strassburg, Germany. In 1556 he became professor of Hebrew at Zurich, a position he held until his death in 1562.