Wednesday, May 13, 2015

May 1939-1945 A.D. HALIFAX, NS: Royal Canadian Navy in the “Battle of the Atlantic”

May 1939-1945 A.D.  HALIFAX, NS: Royal Canadian Navy in the “Battle of the Atlantic”


Editors.  “THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC.”  Warmuseum.org.  N.d. http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/chrono/1931atlantic_e.shtml.  Accessed 28 Dec 2014.

THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC

1939-1945

German strategy was to cut Britain’s ocean lifeline by a massive submarine (U-boat) offensive.

To maintain its war effort, Britain imported enormous quantities of supplies by sea. If the Germans sank Allied merchant ships transporting weapons, raw materials, and food at a faster rate than this shipping could be replaced, then Britain would slowly lose the ability to wage war. This struggle was known as the ‘Battle of the Atlantic’. Halifax was the main port on the east coast of North America where merchant ships formed into convoys, groups of merchant vessels that sailed together for the hazardous trans-Atlantic crossing.
Germany nearly won this war at sea but, in May 1943, after suffering severe losses to Allied warships and aircraft, the Germans withdrew most of their U-boats from the mid-Atlantic. Throughout the war, the Royal Canadian Navy (R.C.N.), the Canadian Merchant Navy, and the immense output of Canadian industry proved vital in the costly Allied victory.
The Battle of the Atlantic

 

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