Tuesday, March 31, 2015

31 March 2015 A.D. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk: Quotations on Islam from Notable Non-Muslims

31 March 2015 A.D.  Mustafa Kemal Ataturk: Quotations on Islam from Notable Non-Muslims

Besides Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, there are 88 additional quotes from other leaders regarding Jihadi-Reprobates, see:  http://reformationanglicanism.blogspot.com/2014/08/25-august-2014-ad-quotations-on-islam_25.html

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881 – 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and founder of the Republic of Turkey as well as its first president.

“Turks were a great nation even before they adopted Islam. This religion did not help the Arabs, Iranians, Egyptians and others to unite with Turks to form a nation. Conversely, it weakened the Turks’ national relations; it numbed Turkish national feelings and enthusiasm. This was natural, because Mohammedanism was based on Arab nationalism above all nationalities.[84]
“For nearly five hundred years, these rules and theories of an Arab Shaikh and the interpretations of generations of lazy and good-for-nothing priests have decided the civil and criminal law of Turkey. They have decided the form of the Constitution, the details of the lives of each Turk, his food, his hours of rising and sleeping the shape of his clothes, the routine of the midwife who produced his children, what he learned in his schools, his customs, his thoughts-even his most intimate habits. Islam – this theology of an immoral Arab – is a dead thing. Possibly it might have suited tribes in the desert. It is no good for modern, progressive state. God’s revelation! There is no God! These are only the chains by which the priests and bad rulers bound the people down. A ruler who needs religion is a weakling. No weaklings should rule.[85]
“Our life here is truly hellish. Fortunately, my soldiers are very brave and tougher than the enemy. What is more, their private beliefs make it easier to carry out orders which send them to their death. They see only two supernatural outcomes: victory for the faith or martyrdom. Do you know what the second means? It is to go straight to heaven. There, the houris, God's most beautiful women, will meet them and will satisfy their desires for all eternity. What great happiness![86]
AND NOW, for illustrative quotes the President. Our President is a Muslim son and grandson of Kenyan born Muslims, a world class and credentialed historian, a lawyer, and a man of robust and unimpeachable honesty. Here is Imam Barack Hussein Obama:    
20 Quotes By Imam Barack Obama About Islam and Mohammed

#1 “The future must not belong to those who slander the Prophet of Islam”

#2 “The sweetest sound I know is the Muslim call to prayer”

#3 “We will convey our deep appreciation for the Islamic faith, which has done so much over the centuries to shape the world — including in my own country.”

#4 “As a student of history, I also know civilization’s debt to Islam.”

#5 “Islam has a proud tradition of tolerance.

#6 “Islam has always been part of America”

#7 “we will encourage more Americans to study in Muslim communities

#8 “These rituals remind us of the principles that we hold in common, and Islam’s role in advancing justice, progress, tolerance, and the dignity of all human beings.”

#9 “America and Islam are not exclusive and need not be in competition. Instead, they overlap, and share common principles of justice and progress, tolerance and the dignity of all human beings.”

#10 “I made clear that America is not – and never will be – at war with Islam.”

#11 “Islam is not part of the problem in combating violent extremism – it is an important part of promoting peace.”

#12 “So I have known Islam on three continents before coming to the region where it was first revealed”

#13 “In ancient times and in our times, Muslim communities have been at the forefront of innovation and education.”

#14 “Throughout history, Islam has demonstrated through words and deeds the possibilities of religious tolerance and racial equality.”

#15 “Ramadan is a celebration of a faith known for great diversity and racial equality

#16 “The Holy Koran tells us, ‘O mankind! We have created you male and a female; and we have made you into nations and tribes so that you may know one another.’”

#17 “I look forward to hosting an Iftar dinner celebrating Ramadan here at the White House later this week, and wish you a blessed month.”

#18 “We’ve seen those results in generations of Muslim immigrants – farmers and factory workers, helping to lay the railroads and build our cities, the Muslim innovators who helped build some of our highest skyscrapers and who helped unlock the secrets of our universe.”

#19 “That experience guides my conviction that partnership between America and Islam must be based on what Islam is, not what it isn’t. And I consider it part of my responsibility as president of the United States to fight against negative stereotypes of Islam wherever they appear.”

#20 “I also know that Islam has always been a part of America’s story.”
AND NOW, for more scholarly quotes from Imam Obama, see the URL.
OR, beside Imam Obama’s insights above, a few Quranic verses that have insired many Islamo-fascists.

Qur'an 3:32—Say: Obey Allah and the Apostle; but if they turn back, then surely Allah does not love the unbelievers.
Qur'an 48:29—Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and falling down prostrate (in prayer), seeking Bounty from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. The mark of them (i.e. of their Faith) is on their faces (foreheads) from the traces of (their) prostration (during prayers). This is their description in the Taurat (Torah). But their description in the Injeel (Gospel) is like a (sown) seed which sends forth its shoot, then makes it strong, it then becomes thick, and it stands straight on its stem, delighting the sowers that He may enrage the disbelievers with them. Allah has promised those among them who believe (i.e. all those who follow Islamic Monotheism, the religion of Prophet Muhammad SAW till the Day of Resurrection) and do righteous good deeds, forgiveness and a mighty reward (i.e. Paradise).

Qur'an 4:24—Also (forbidden are) women already married, except those (captives and slaves) whom your right hands possess. Thus hath Allah ordained (Prohibitions) against you: Except for these, all others are lawful, provided ye seek (them in marriage) with gifts from your property—desiring chastity, not lust, seeing that ye derive benefit from them, give them their dowers (at least) as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed, agree mutually (to vary it), there is no blame on you, and Allah is All-knowing, All-wise.

Qur'an 5:33—The punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His apostle and strive to make mischief in the land is only this, that they should be murdered or crucified or their hands and their feet should be cut off on opposite sides or they should be imprisoned; this shall be as a disgrace for them in this world, and in the hereafter they shall have a grievous chastisement.

Qur'an 9:5—Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters wherever ye find them, and take them (captive), and besiege them, and prepare for them each ambush. But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave their way free. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

Qur'an 9:29—Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day [notice it says "fight those who do not believe," not "fight people who are attacking you"], nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the Religion of Truth, from among the People of the Book [the people of the book are Jews and Christians], until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.

Qur'an 9:73—O Prophet! strive hard against the unbelievers and the hypocrites and be unyielding to them; and their abode is hell, and evil is the destination.

Qur'an 9:111—Surely Allah has bought of the believers their persons and their property for this, that they shall have the garden; they fight in Allah's way, so they slay and are slain; a promise which is binding on Him in the Taurat and the Injeel and the Quran; and who is more faithful to his covenant than Allah? Rejoice therefore in the pledge which you have made; and that is the mighty achievement.

Qur'an 47:35—Be not weary and fainthearted, crying for peace, when ye should be uppermost: for Allah is with you, and will never put you in loss for your (good) deeds. 
Qur'an 2:106—Whatever communications We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring one better than it or like it. Do you not know that Allah has power over all things?
From the 1662 Book of Common Prayer, the Collect for Good Friday:
O MERCIFUL God, who hast made all men, and hatest nothing that thou hast made, nor wouldest the death of a sinner, but rather that he should be converted and live; Have mercy upon all Jews, Turks, Infidels, and Hereticks, and take from them all ignorance, hardness of heart, and contempt of thy Word; and so fetch them home, blessed Lord, to thy flock, that they may be saved among the remnant of the true Israelites, and be made one fold under one shepherd, Jesus Christ our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Spirit, one God, world without end. Amen. 

31 March 2015 A.D. Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans Launch in Australia: Oh, oh! Talk of “Anglican Reformers”!

31 March 2015 A.D. Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans Launch in Australia:  Oh, oh! Talk of “Anglican Reformers”! What if they start talking about the English Reformation? Formularies? Theology?

Powell, Russell. “Fellowship of Confessing Anglican Launch for Australia.” Anglican Ink. 27 Mar 2015. http://anglicanink.com/article/fellowship-confessing-anglicans-launch-australia. Accessed 27 Mar 2015.

Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans launch for Australia

27 Mar 2015


Russell Powell
An Australian branch of the Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans has been launched in Melbourne, watched by delegates from across Australasia at the Anglican Future Conference.
The conference brought together 460 leaders, including 40 from New Zealand, to consider ways to strengthen what the organisers describe as “positive contemporary orthodoxy” in the Anglican Church. 

Archbishop Wabukala spoke at the launch of the Australian FCA branch, mid-way through the conference. 

“Faithful, persevering and gospel-centred Anglicanism has been foundational to the identity of Australia and I believe that the initiative we are taking today….will be seen by future generations as a strategic moment for church and society.” the Kenyan leader said. “I long to see all orthodox Anglicans united in a common commitment to pioneering a new wave of evangelism which will have a deep and lasting impact on this nation.” the Archbishop said. 

"I take great encouragement from the growth of the GAFCON movement. It is a sign that God has not abandoned the Anglican Communion. At a time when some of its branches are visibly disintegrating, we are called to be pioneers and partners in the restoration of that part of the Church of God that has been entrusted to us as inheritors of the Anglican Reformers." the Archbishop said. 

Archdeacon Condie, as chairman of FCA Australia, echoed the theme of renewal at the launch event. 

“The Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans in Australia is a reform movement within our denomination to enable us to reform ourselves by the Biblical Gospel.”  

In some parts of the Anglican communion secular pressure to modify teaching had seen the church ‘cave in as key teaching gives way to all kinds of error” the Archdeacon said “It would be foolish to think that the Anglican Church of Australia was immune to these pressures and that we will not also see the biblical faith eroded by the world and end up in a similar place.” 

"Right now, it is true to say we have been well served by the Bishops of the Australian Church who have kept to orthodox teaching and have protected our church from doctrinal and moral error. We have much to give thanks for. However, we must be always vigilant for reform." 

After the applause of the delegates gathered for the launch event in Scots Church Hall in central Melbourne, the new chairman of the Australian FCA led those present in reciting the creed, and the crowd broke into song.

The organisation began signing up members on the launch night, with Archdeacon Condie saying he would welcome people who “love the scriptures and want to submit to them as the final authority in doctrine and morals, who are not afraid to stand against the world to honour Christ and His word, who are prepared to call out error in the church and press for its reform and who want to be in fellowship with other Anglicans who together with us hold to this historic faith.”

31 March 2015 A.D. 34,000 Black Churches Break with Presbyterian Church, USA

31 March 2015 A.D. 34,000 Black Churches Break with Presbyterian Church, USA

Evans, Anthony. “34,000 Black Churches Break Ties With Presbyterian Church USA.” Charisma News. 27 Mar 2015. http://www.charismanews.com/us/48944-34-000-black-churches-break-ties-with-presbyterian-church-usa. Accessed 27 Mar 2015.

34,000 Black Churches Break Ties With Presbyterian Church USA

More than 34,000 churches are leaving the Texas PCUSA over gay marriage. (Flickr/Creative Commons)

The National Black Church Initiative (NBCI), a faith-based coalition of 34,000 churches comprised of 15 denominations and 15.7 million African Americans has broken its fellowship with Presbyterian Church USA (PCUSA) following its recent vote to approve same-sex marriage.  

The Presbyterian General Assembly, the top legislative body of the PCUSA, voted last June to revise the constitutional language defining marriage. This arbitrary change of Holy Scripture is a flagrantly pretentious and illegitimate maneuver by a body that has no authority whatsoever to alter holy text.   

Rev. Anthony Evans, NBCI President noted: 

"NBCI and its membership base are simply standing on the Word of God within the mind of Christ. We urge our brother and sisters of the PCUSA to repent and be restored to fellowship." 

"PCUSA's manipulation represents a universal sin against the entire church and its members. With this action, PCUSA can no longer base its teachings on 2,000 years of Christian scripture and tradition, and call itself a Christian entity in the body of Christ.  It has forsaken its right by this single wrong act.  

"Apostle Paul warns us about this when he declared in Galatians 1:8 that there are those who will preach another Gospel. 

"For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with him...For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. 

"No church has the right to change the Word of God. By voting to redefine marriage PCUSA automatically forfeits Christ's saving grace. There is always redemption in the body of Christ through confession of faith and adhering to Holy Scripture.   

"In this case, PCUSA deliberately voted to change the Word of God and the interpretation of holy marriage between one man and one woman. This is why we must break fellowship with them and urge the entire Christendom to do so as well."

March 2015 A.D. Remembering Knox Seminary, D.Min. Program in English Reformation and (Rev. Dr. Prof.) Gerald Bray

March 2015 A.D.  Remembering Knox Seminary, D.Min. Program in English Reformation and (Rev. Dr. Prof.) Gerald Bray

New at Knox Seminary = Doctor of Ministry–Theology and Worship of the English Reformation Track

New at Knox Theological Seminary. 


Doctor of Ministry–Theology and Worship of the English Reformation Track

*NEW FALL 2014*

The Theology and Worship of the English Reformation Track is designed to equip those in ministry to understand the doctrinal and liturgical reforms of the 16th and 17th centuries.
The received traditions of Catholic faith and practice were rethought in 16th century Britain along the “evangelical” lines of the Reformation, resulting in a consistent though broad Protestantism lived and expressed through the Book of Common Prayer. The early English evangelicals did find a middle-way of sorts, but not as is often imagined a via media between the Reformation and Rome. Rather, the English Reformation listened to and learned from both the Lutheran and Reformed traditions and attempted to express and embody a Protestantism that could include both (or at least not exclude either).
This track encourages an understanding of the mutuality of theology and worship and considers the complexity of contextualization, as well as the process of learning from the past for the sake of the present.

Learning Outcomes

A graduate of the Theology and Worship of the English Reformation Track will be capable of:

• Understanding the complex social, political, and theological conditions that lead to and shaped the English Reformation

• Understanding the social, political, and theological consequences of the English Reformation

• Seeing the interconnectedness of doctrinal and liturgical reform

• Learning from and thinking with the worship and theology of the English Reformation for contemporary ministry

Required Courses

Anglican Studies

• The English Reformation: 1519-1688

• The Theology of Cranmer and the Book of Common Prayer (1549 &1552)

The Theology of the English Reformers (choose one)

• Theology of Thomas Cranmer

• The Theology of the Elizabethan Divines

• The Theology of the Protestant Reformers in England

• The Shape and Theology of the Thirty-Nine Articles

Understanding the Present: Turning Points from a Protestant Perspective (choose one)

• Turning Points: Laudianism, Tractarianism, and the 1979 Book of Common Prayer

• Comparing the Prayer Books: From 1549-1979

• The Americanization of the English Reformation: The Great Awakening, the Revolution, and the Rest

4 elective courses 

Taught by Leading Scholars in the field of Anglican Studies and the English Reformation:

• Rev. Dr. Ashley Null (the world’s leading Cranmer scholar)

• Dr. Gerald Bray (editor of Documents of the English Reformation)

• Dr. Jonathan Linebaugh

• Rev. Dr. Justin Holcomb

Final Project

The final project will be an historical and theological study that looks back to the English Reformation as it looks forward to the contexts and conditions of contemporary ministry. The student will engage with an aspect of the liturgical, social, political, and theological transformations that occurred during and/or after the English Reformation. This research will facilitate an understanding of the complexities of contextualization, the deep mutuality of doctrinal and liturgical reform, and the process of listening to and learning from the past for the sake of the present. The project concludes with a consideration of the ways in which the materials studied can serve contemporary ministry.

The first course in this track is being offered in January 2015. To view all courses being offered, please see the DMin course schedule.

31 March 1992 A.D. USS “Mighty Mo” MISSOURI (BB-63) Decommissioned

31 March 1992 A.D.  USS “Mighty Mo” MISSOURI (BB-63) Decommissioned

1854 - Commodore Matthew C. Perry and Japanese officials sign the Treaty of Kanagawa, opening trade between U.S. and Japan. The treaty also provided protection for American merchant seamen wrecked in Japanese waters.

1917 - Rear Adm. James H. Oliver takes possession of the Danish West Indies for the United States, and they are renamed the U.S. Virgin Islands. He also becomes the first governor of the islands under American control.

1945 - USS Morrison (DD 560) and USS Stockton (DD 646) sink the Japanese submarine I 8, 65 miles southeast of Okinawa.

1992 - USS Missouri (BB-63), the last active American battleship, is decommissioned. Commissioned in June 1944, she served during World War II, notably for the location of the official Japanese surrender on Sept. 2, 1945. Today, the "Mighty Mo" is open for visitors in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, as the Battleship Missouri Memorial, under the care of the USS Missouri Memorial Association, Inc.

1993 - Two 2 EP-3E aircraft, from Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron 2 (VQ-2), are on station over the Adriatic providing crucial support to the delivery of humanitarian air drops over eastern Bosnia-Herzegovina in Operation Provide Promise. This operation becomes the longest running humanitarian airlift in history at the time and operates from February 1993 to January 1996.

1992USS Missouri (BB-63), the last active American battleship is decommissioned. USS Missouri (BB-63) (“Mighty Mo” or “Big Mo”) is a United States Navy Iowa-class battleship and was the third ship of the U.S. Navy to be named in honor of the US state of Missouri. Missouri was the last battleship commissioned by the United States and was the site of the surrender of the Empire of Japan which ended World War II. Missouri was ordered in 1940 and commissioned in June 1944. In the Pacific Theater of World War II she fought in the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa and shelled the Japanese home islands, and she fought in the Korean War from 1950 to 1953. She was decommissioned in 1955 into the United States Navy reserve fleets (the “Mothball Fleet”), but reactivated and modernized in 1984 as part of the 600-ship Navy plan, and provided fire support during Operation Desert Storm in January/February 1991. Missouri received a total of 11 battle stars for service in World War II, Korea, and the Persian Gulf, and was finally decommissioned on 31 March 1992, but remained on the Naval Vessel Register until her name was struck in January 1995. In 1998, she was donated to the USS Missouri Memorial Association and became a museum ship at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

31 March 1944 A.D. HMCS SIOUX (R-64) & HMCS ALGONQUIN (R-14) Escort Task Force to Destroy German Battleship TIRPITZ in Norwegin Fjord; Canadians Command 2 Fighter Squadron in Carrier-Based Flights

31 March 1944 A.D. HMCS SIOUX (R-64) & HMCS ALGONQUIN (R-14) Escort Task Force to Destroy German Battleship TIRPITZ in Norwegin Fjord; Canadians Command 2 Fighter Squadron in Carrier-Based Flights.

March 31, 1944 The “V” class destroyers HMCS Sioux (R64 later 225) and HMCS Algonquin (R14 later 224) escort the task force deployed to destroy the German battleship Tirpitz in Norwegian Fjord.  Canadians command two squadrons of carrier-based fighter involved in the raid.

31 March 1943 A.D. HMCS SASKATCHEWAN (H-70) Commissioned

31 March 1943 A.D. HMCS SASKATCHEWAN (H-70) Commissioned


The “F” class destroyer HMCS Saskatchewan (H70) commissions into the Royal Canadian Navy.  She is paid off 28 January 1946.  

31 March 1941 A.D. HMCS PRINCE HENRY Destroys German Merchant Ships MUENCHEN and HERMONTHES Off Peru

31 March 1941 A.D. HMCS PRINCE HENRY Destroys German Merchant Ships MUENCHEN and HERMONTHES Off Peru

The armed merchant cruiser HMCS Prince Henry intercepts and destroys the German merchantmen Muenchen and Hermonthes west of Callao, Peru. 

31 March 1940 A.D. Germany’s Atlantis (Auxiliary Cruiser) Launched; on 22 Nov 1941 HMS DEVONSHIRE Sinks Her

31 March 1940 A.D. Germany’s Atlantis (Auxiliary Cruiser) Launched; on 22 Nov 1941 HMS DEVONSHIRE Sinks Her

Editors. “Germany’s Atlantis launches.” History. 2009. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/germanys-atlantis-launches. Accessed 30 Mar 2015.

On this day, the German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis sets off on a mission to catch and sink Allied merchant ships.

By the time the Atlantis set sail from Germany, the Allies had already lost more than 750,000 tons worth of shipping, the direct result of German submarine attacks. They had also lost another 281,000 tons because of mines, and 36,000 tons as the result of German air raids. The Germans had lost just eighteen submarines.

The Atlantis had been a merchant ship itself, but was converted to a commerce raider with six 5.9-inch guns, 93 mines ready to plant, and two aircraft fit for spying out Allied ships to sink. The Atlantis donned various disguises in order to integrate itself into any shipping milieu inconspicuously.

Commanded by Capt. Bernhard Rogge, the Atlantis roamed the Atlantic and Indian oceans. She sank a total of 22 merchant ships (146,000 tons in all) and proved a terror to the British Royal Navy. The Atlantis‘s career finally came to an end on November 22, 1941, when it was sunk by the British cruiser Devonshire as the German marauder was refueling a U-boat.

31 March 1865 A.D. GEN Phil Sheridan Moves on GEN Lee’s Left Flank—“I Want to Smash Things”

31 March 1865 A.D. GEN Phil Sheridan Moves on GEN Lee’s Left Flank—“I Want to Smash Things”

Editors. “1865The final offensive of the Army of the Potomac gathers steam when Union General Phil Sheridan moves against the left flank of Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia.This Day in U.S. Military History. N.d. https://thisdayinusmilhist.wordpress.com/2014/03/31/march-31/. Accessed 30 Mar 2015.

1865The final offensive of the Army of the Potomac gathers steam when Union General Phil Sheridan moves against the left flank of Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. The limited action set the stage for the Battle of Five Forks on April 1. This engagement took place at the end of the Petersburg line. For 10 months, the Union had laid siege to Lee’s army at Petersburg, but the trenches stretched all the way to Richmond, 25 miles north of Petersburg. Lee’s thinning army attacked Fort Stedman on March 25 in a futile attempt to break the siege, but the Union line held. On March 29, General Ulysses S. Grant, General-in-Chief of the Union Army and the field commander around Petersburg, began moving his men past the western end of Lee’s line. Torrential rains almost delayed the move. Grant planned to send Sheridan against the Confederates on March 31, but called off the operation. Sheridan would not be denied a chance to fight, though. “I am ready to strike out tomorrow and go to smashing things!” he told his officers. They encouraged him to meet with Grant, who consented to begin the move. Near Dinwiddie Court House, Sheridan advanced but was driven back by General George Pickett’s division. Pickett was alerted to the Union advance, and during the night of March 31, he pulled his men back to Five Forks. This set the stage for a major strike by Sheridan on April 1, when the Yankees crushed the Rebel flank and forced Lee to evacuate Richmond and Petersburg.

31 March 1801 A.D. US Marine Barracks, 8th & I Streets: President Jefferson and USMC Commandant Ride on Horseback to Pick Location

31 March 1801 A.D. US Marine Barracks, 8th & I Streets: President Jefferson and USMC Commandant Ride on Horseback to Pick Location

31 March 1801: On this date, LtCol Commandant William W. Burrows rode with president Thomas Jefferson to look for "a proper place to fix the Marine Barracks on." President Jefferson was a personal friend of the Commandant, and deeply interested in the welfare of the Corps and accompanied Burrows on horseback on the morning of 31 March. They chose a square in Southeast Washington, bounded by 8th and 9th streets, and a & I streets, because it lay near the Navy Yard and was within easy marching distance of the Capitol.

31 March 1777 A.D. Abigail Adams Advocates Women Voting Rights with Husband John Adams

31 March 1777 A.D. Abigail Adams Advocates Women Voting Rights with Husband John Adams

Editors. “1777A young Abigail Adams encouraged her husband John to give women voting privileges in the new American government.This Day in U.S. Military History. N.d. https://thisdayinusmilhist.wordpress.com/2014/03/31/march-31/.  Accessed 30 Mar 2015.

1777A young Abigail Adams encouraged her husband John to give women voting privileges in the new American government. She wrote to her husband on March 31, 1777, while he was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention: “I desire you would remember the ladies and be more generous to them than were your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited power into the hands of husbands. Remember all men would be tyrants if they could. If particular care and attention are not paid to the ladies we are determined to foment a rebellion, and will not hold ourselves bound to obey any laws in which we have no voice or representation.” Twenty years later her husband was a candidate in America’s first real election.